|The Right of Children to Participate in the Public Decision-||Children have the right to participate in decision-making that affects them. In addition, much can be gained by ensuring children can make their voices heard in public decision-making processes. Children’s participation presents an important opportunity for states to consider the views, needs, rights and wishes of children in developing policy that has a significant impact on children’s lives.
This report aims to document international learning on ways to support and encourage children’s participation in public decision‑making processes at local, national and international levels. It discusses the variety of such approaches used around the world and aims to show ways that children’s participation can be made more effective. Key successes achieved by children participating in these processes are highlighted, along with the key learning and challenges encountered.
Drawing on the experience of stakeholders that support children’s participation, and on the experiences of children themselves, the report identifies the key factors that states need to take into account when establishing mechanisms and structures to facilitate children’s participation in public decision-making.
In particular, the report takes account of the experience of over 20 Save the Children country offices in identifying the building blocks that are key to establishing and developing effective platforms for all children, particularly those from marginalised and excluded groups, to participate fully in public decision-making.||10/09/2020||1MB|
|Stop the War on Children Full Report 2019||One hundred years on, those words of Save the Children founder Eglantyne Jebb resonate as strongly as ever. Right now, across the world, millions of children are caught up in conflicts they played no part in creating. Often their rights are violated with total impunity. New evidence presented by Save the Children is damning:
• 420 million children – nearly one-fifth of children worldwide – are living in a conflict zone; a rise of nearly 30 million children from 2016.
• The number of children living in conflict zones has doubled since the end of the cold war.
• 142 million children are living in high-intensity conflict-zones; that is, in conflict zones with more than 1,000 battle-related deaths in a year.
• New analysis from Save the Children shows that the numbers of ‘grave violations’ of children’s rights in conflict reported and verified by the United Nations have almost tripled since 2010.
• Hundreds of thousands of children are dying every year as a result of indirect effects of conflict – including malnutrition, disease and the breakdown of healthcare, water and sanitation. The protection of children in conflict – and with it the realisation of the promises made in the declarations, conventions and statutes of the 20th century – is one of the defining challenges of the 21st century. The nature of conflict – and its impact on children – is evolving. Intra-state conflict is increasing, as are the numbers of armed actors involved. The world is witnessing deliberate campaigns of violence against civilians, including the targeting of schools, the abduction and enslavement of girls, and deliberate starvation.
Armed conflicts are more protracted; for instance, the most prominent conflict in recent times – the war in Syria – has lasted longer than the second world war. The longer a conflict lasts the greater the indirect harm caused as essential services cease to function. And in many protracted situations the lines between ‘conflict’ and ‘peace’ have become blurred. Conflict is also increasingly urban; in Mosul and Mogadishu, for example, children, their homes and their schools are on the front line, vulnerable to indiscriminate attack. In today’s armed conflicts, there is often no longer a clearly demarcated battlefield: children’s homes and schools are the battlefield.||10/09/2020||2MB|
|Save Our Education Report||Protect every child’s right to learn in the COVID-19 response and recovery
For the first time in human history, an entire global generation of children have had their education disrupted. In early April 2020, as the world tried to halt the spread of COVID-19, an estimated 1.6 billion learners globally were out of school. This is a global education crisis. It requires urgent global action. Save Our Education highlights the impact this pandemic will have on the poorest and most marginalised children. Our analysis suggests that almost 10 million children – likely a significant underestimate – are at risk of not returning to school.
On top of this, as governments shift spending towards the health and economic responses to the pandemic, education budgets are likely to come under extreme pressure. Our analysis estimates a potential education financing gap in low- and middle-income countries by the end of 2021 of $77 billion.
The world must act now to protect education. Drawing on global programme evidence – from Colombia to Bangladesh, and Ethiopia to Lebanon – this report sets out the action needed to keep education alive, prepare for school reopening, and to build back better. Because at the heart of the global recovery effort from the pandemic must be every child’s right to learn. ||10/09/2020||3MB|
|Report: Stop the War on Children - Gender Matters||This is the third report in War on Children' series. It reveals shocking trends in the threats to the safety and wellbeing of children living in areas impacted by conﬂict. In 2018, verified grave violations against children reached a record high. 415 million children worldwide are living in a conflict zone, including 149 million children living in high-intensity conflict zones where more than 1,000 battle-related deaths occur in a year. Overall, the number of children living in conflict zones is highest in Africa, with 170 million in total. Proportionately, the Middle East has the highest share with almost 1 out of 3 children in the region living in conflict zones.
Conflict is becoming increasingly dangerous for children. Since 2010, the number of children living in conflict zones has increased by 34%. At the same time, the number of verified incidents of grave violations against children have risen by 170%. While there is no doubt that children engage in a variety of activities in humanitarian response design as well as in building and sustaining peace, their voices are not sufficiently heard and their potential remains both under-recognised and underfunded.||10/09/2020||8MB|
|Protect a Generation Report||Home/Resources/Protect a Generation Report
PROTECT A GENERATION REPORT
An estimated 99% of children worldwide – or more than 2.3 billion children – live in one of the 186 countries that have implemented some form of restrictions due to COVID-19. Although children are not at a high risk of direct harm from the virus, they are disproportionately affected by its hidden impacts.
The most marginalised and deprived children have been hit the hardest, and existing inequalities have been exacerbated. Progress that had been made against the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for children is at risk of being disrupted, or even lost. For many children, the impacts of the pandemic will be catastrophic.
Save the Children carried out a global survey of children and their parents or caregivers during the COVID-19 pandemic, to find out the impact that the pandemic is having on their access to healthcare, their education, their family finances and their safety, and to hear from children themselves on these topics. The survey is the largest and most comprehensive survey of children and families during the COVID-19 crisis to date. The research was implemented in 46 countries and results in the largest and most comprehensive survey of children and families during the COVID-19 crisis to date, with 31,683 parents and caregivers and 13,477 children aged between 11-17 years old participating.
The research sampled three distinct population groups: Save the Children program participants with telephone numbers or email addresses, specific population groups of interest to Save the Children, and the general public. This report is one in a series presenting findings from the Global COVID-19 Research. The results presented in this report focus on quantitative data from our representative sample of 17,565 parents/caregivers and 8,069 children from 37 countries in in our program participants group.
|Global Girlhood Report||2020 was supposed to be a once-in-a-generation opportunity for women and girls. The year when governments, businesses, organisations and individuals who believe in equal treatment for all people were going to develop a five-year plan for how to work together to accelerate progress for gender equality, in celebration of the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. Then COVID-19 struck. Now, 2020 risks being a year of irreversible setbacks and lost progress for girls. Unless the world acts fast and decisively, the impact on girls’ futures – and on all our futures – will be devastating.
Even before the COVID-19 crisis hit, progress for girls on some issues was under threat. While girls’ health, nutrition and access to education have improved over the last 25 years, even before the pandemic hit, progress to end child marriage and reduce adolescent pregnancy had slowed to a halt. Now, with reports of gender-based violence increasing across the world, it is estimated that 9.7 million children may never return to school post‑COVID. And with the number of children living in poverty estimated to climb by around 100 million, for girls today, gender equality feels further from reach than ever.||02/10/2020||3MB|
|Family Strengthening: A collection of best practices from Ea||In December 2018, Save the Children (SC) commissioned the knowledge organization International Child Development Initiatives (ICDI) to do an assessment on best practices of Family Strengthening interventions in middle-income countries. The aim is to provide policymakers, service-providing organizations and child protection practitioners and child rights advocates with an easy to use reference document, to augment the implementation of support programmes for children and families in vulnerable circumstances.
Family Strengthening is a thematic focus area for SC´s Eastern Europe sub-region. A number of interventions have been developed across Eastern Europe and across other regions (Asia, Africa and Latin America) by Save the Children, as well as by other (inter-)national organizations. The mapping of Family Strengthening interventions initially had a worldwide focus, but was later narrowed down to Central and Eastern European middle-income countries, since these share similar transition processes in social protection. It included interventions from the SC global movement, as well as interventions developed by other (inter-)national organizations. The aim was not to come up with an exhaustive overview, in which all known interventions, models and approaches were covered (this proofed simply impossible). The goal was primarily to provide a practical, easy to use sharing document, which can support the realization of interventions that have proven to be efficient, effective and sustainable.||10/09/2020||11MB|
|A Foundation to End Child Poverty||The global economic shock brought about by COVID-19 could set back over a decade of progress in reducing child poverty and severely undermining progress made towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and children’s rights as set out in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Analysis jointly carried out by Save the Children and UNICEF estimates that approximately 150 million additional children are living in multidimensional poverty due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
With the new report, A Foundation to End Child Poverty – How universal child benefits can build a fairer, more inclusive and resilient future, Save the Children is calling for urgent action to address soaring child poverty through providing regular financial support to all children. Governments, donors and development partners need to work together for an expansion in social protection coverage of children and their caregivers, working progressively towards Universal Child Benefits.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, nearly all countries announced social protection measures. Still at least 594 million children in low-and-middle income countries have completely missed out on much needed child and family-specific economic support to protect them during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The deprivations that millions of children are suffering not only risks their lives today and tomorrow, but also undermines productivity, economic growth, and social cohesion in societies. Increasing poverty deeply affects children and even short periods of deprivation can have life-changing impacts on children’s health, development and life chances.
With increasing poverty, the number of children under five suffering from acute malnutrition could surge by 7 million by the end of a year, representing a 14% increase. By the end of the year, half a million more girls are at risk of child marriage and 2.5 million over the next five years. This is in addition to the 12 million who marry each year. Increased poverty could also lead to between 7.0 and 9.7 million more children dropping out of school.
Child benefits are needed in the fight against child poverty, and to help families to mitigate the impacts of crises. This would ensure basic income security for all children in line with the Sustainable Development Goal Target 1.3, which aims to establish social protection floors in all countries by 2030. Child benefit systems can also help manage future shocks - building much needed resilience.
Universal Child Benefits provide a crucial investment in children and in our future. These benefits can help reduce child mortality, chronic malnutrition, improve educational outcomes and access to school and reduce various forms of harm to children. Countries investing in children now will also reap long-term rewards from a more skilled and healthier workforce in the future.
Child or family benefits have proven to have also significant economic multiplier effects in local economies. Investments in family income go beyond supporting families in need, and contribute to the local economy, a much-needed measure at this time. At a time when many countries are struggling with recession, job losses and rising poverty and debt, it is important to consider which investment options will provide both immediate and long-term benefits. We believe universal child benefits fall squarely into that category – with strong and well-evidenced economic and social benefits that provide multiplier effects when combined with other investments (in education and health for example).
This report is a call to action to Donors, states and developmental partners:
1. Prioritise investment in children by creating more fiscal space for child-focused social protection, aiming towards at least 1% of their country’s economic output (GDP). States, donors and development partners should do more to ensure temporary financing measures are in place, for example through increased aid, debt relief or a global fund for social protection.
2. Aim to move towards universal coverage - States, donors and developmental partners shall ensure provision of the social coverage for all children, particularly in their early years. This will give children a safe and healthy start in life, building human capital along the way. Vulnerable groups and the most deprived and marginalised children, such as those with disabilities, will need special attention.
3. Ensure that child benefit systems and programmes are responsive to shocks so social protection systems can quickly adapt and respond in the event of future crises including climate change, providing financial protection for vulnerable families.